American History

Instructions:

This exam is meant to enhance your understanding of the subject matter, and contains roughly the same amount of multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank and true or false questions. For each question, select or fill in the choice that is most appropriate.  

Exam-takers should read through each question carefully and take notes on difficult concepts.

1.

The in 1823 is the statement that is often seen as being the 'diplomatic declaration of independence' for the United States. Among other things, it made clear President James Monroe’s warning against European countries about any further attempts at colonization in the West.

2.

The Revolutionary War was brought about by a host of problems, two of the most fundamental ones being the question of slavery and the issue of states versus federal rights.  

a)
True
b)
False

3.

The President responsible for the infamous Indian Removal Act of 1830 is which of the following? 

a)
James K. Polk
b)
Thomas Jefferson
c)
John Q. Adams
d)
Andrew Jackson

4.

Early leaders of the feminist movement famously organized a meeting of like-minded women to discuss their plight at Seneca Falls, New York in 1848. 

a)
True
b)
False

5.

The Mexican-American War, which took place from 1846 to 1848, resulted in which of the following?

a)
An increase in tensions between the North and South over the expansion of slavery
b)
Closer relationships between Mexico and the United States
c)
Texas being ceded to the United States
d)
All of the above

6.

The President who uttered the words, “The government that governs best, governs least” is which of the following?

a)
James Madison
b)
Zachary Taylor
c)
Andrew Jackson
d)
Thomas Jefferson

7.

The Marbury v. Madison court case resulted in the assertion of the Supreme Court’s power of .

8.

The Americans who opposed giving “American” rights to incoming immigrants became known as abolitionists. 

a)
True
b)
False

9.

The nativist was nicknamed the Know-Nothing Party and encouraged national dislike of foreigners. 

10.

Which of the following canals was completed in 1825, linking the Great Lakes with New York’s Hudson River? The linking of the Great Lakes to the Hudson caused a significant drop in the cost of shipping, and an increase in the number of port cities along this canal.  

a)
Lachine Canal
b)
Erie Canal
c)
Michigan Canal
d)
Welland Canal

11.

The government was introduced to a new system of governing while Andrew Jackson was President: the system, one in which Jackson appointed those who supported his own political agenda into government positions by giving his political allies jobs in his administration.

12.

The was agreed upon in 1820 to avoid an imbalance in the Senate between free and slave states.

13.

The decision of South Carolina to secede from the Union is described by which of the following?

a)
It was an action specifically permitted under the U.S. Constitution
b)
It was inevitably brought about by Lincoln's election to the Presidency
c)
It was too mutinous, and South Carolina became the only Southern state to perform such actions
d)
It was organized by Republicans

14.

On January 1, 1863 Abraham Lincoln issued the Gettysburg Address, declaring all slaves in the rebellious Southern states as freed men. 

a)
True
b)
False

15.

Westward expansion was greatly helped by Thomas Jefferson’s purchase of the Louisiana Territory. 

a)
True
b)
False

16.

The laws were introduced in the latter part of the 19th century, expanding the institutionalized racism that oppressed African Americans by legalizing segregation and putting a halt to any hope that emancipation from slavery also meant equality.

17.

Which Amendment formally abolished slavery in the United States?

a)
15th Amendment
b)
19th Amendment
c)
13th Amendment
d)
14th Amendment

18.

The use of among the states granted that each state and its citizens were given the right to choose whether to be a slave or be free.   

19.

A period in American history known as the Antebellum Renaissance saw a rise in reformation movements that had the collective goal of creating a Utopian American society.  

a)
True
b)
False

20.

The period immediately following the Civil War is commonly known as the Jeffersonian Age.

a)
True
b)
False

21.

Which of the following was an activist who simultaneously championed education and economic progress for African-Americans while preaching acceptance of their social stature during the rampant segregation of the late 19th and early 20th centuries? 

a)
Booker T. Washington
b)
Nat Turner
c)
W.E.B. Dubois
d)
Frederick Douglass

22.

Presidents Tyler and Polk both opposed acquiring new territories for the United States, fearing the tension that would result between the slave and free states. 

a)
True
b)
False

23.

The success of the Freedman’s Bureau lay mostly in which of the following?    

a)
Searching and finding lost family members for slaves
b)
Passing laws that guaranteed equality for blacks
c)
Building schools and educating low-standing whites and freed slaves
d)
Providing refugees passage to the North

24.

Which of the following affluent men held the firm belief that it was the duty of the wealthy to help with the betterment of society?

a)
Andrew Carnegie
b)
John D. Rockefeller
c)
Henry Ford
d)
Horatio Alger

25.

Which of the following is one of the main reasons why immigrants chose to populate large cities?

a)
Cities were more easygoing and tranquil at the time
b)
Cities had higher standards of housing
c)
Cities had less discrimination in their workforces
d)
Cities had a higher number of available factory jobs

26.

This man was best known for his observation on westward expansion, observations that culminated in his “frontier thesis.”

a)
Mark Twain
b)
Frederick J. Turner
c)
Stephen A. Douglas
d)
Andrew Jackson

27.

The temperance movement was a reform movement of the 19th century that focused on giving women the right to vote. 

a)
True
b)
False

28.

The “Revolution of 1800” in America took place with and his election to the presidency.  

29.

Which of the following was a big factor in the decline in popularity of the Federalist Party by the year 1800?

a)
George Washington
b)
Adding the Bill of Rights to the Constitution
c)
The Convention of 1800
d)
The Alien and Sedition Acts

30.

Authors in the 19th century who regarded materialistic ideals with contempt and encouraged self-reliance and respect for nature were called transcendentalists.  

a)
True
b)
False

31.

The of is the important document upon which the women of the Seneca Falls Convention listed their grievances about society.   

32.

This influential essay by Henry David Thoreau would go on to influence social movement leaders like Martin Luther King Jr. with the idea of passive resistance.

a)
'The American Scholar'
b)
'New England Reformers'
c)
'On Civil Disobedience'
d)
'A Plea for Captain John Brown'

33.

The “cult of domesticity” was a phrase in the 19th century that meant to convey the widening influence of women outside of their families and homes. 

a)
True
b)
False

34.

The passing of the Interstate Commerce Commission of 1887 challenged which of the following ideals of American society?

a)
Popular sovereignty
b)
Laissez-faire
c)
Free speech
d)
RIght to arms

35.

An African-American named published The North Star, an abolitionist paper in the 1840s and 50s that soon became popular amongst abolitionists, denouncing inequality of all forms, be it because of race or gender. 

36.

The “Second Great Awakening” in the 1820s was a religious revival that brought about a belief in , the idea that human beings could achieve a level of moral perfection and that sin could be conquered. 

37.

The , was a notorious group that was renown for its brutal opposition to Reconstruction-period attempts at granting economic and political equality to freed African-Americans.  

38.

The Dawes Act of 1887 was meant to give Native Americans a chance at assimilating into American society by giving them allotments of land for private ownership. 

a)
True
b)
False

39.

Which of the following became an issue after the popularity of railroads swept 19th century America.

a)
Immigration trends
b)
Fashion trends
c)
Time zones
d)
Artistic movements

40.

The agrarian economy in the South was made more efficient and strengthened tenfold with Eli Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin in 1793.

a)
True
b)
False

41.

The War of 1812, the first declared war of America as a nation, was a unanimous decision and thus began with much fervor and passion.

a)
True
b)
False

42.

Which of the following Court cases ruled in favor of Cherokee Indian tribes and their sovereignty, stating that the Cherokee made up a nation that held certain sovereign powers that cannot and should not be infringed upon by Americans?  

a)
Marbury v. Madison
b)
Cherokee v. Georgia
c)
Gibbons v. Ogden
d)
Worcester v. Georgia

43.

Andrew Jackson believed that for America to thrive, the government must have full control over the nation’s economic affairs.

a)
True
b)
False

44.

Many Americans in the latter half of the 19th century, sick of the slums and ugliness, sought to beautify their surroundings by adding to their urban landscapes.

45.

Though the public sphere expanded in the late 1700s with more efficient printing presses and enthusiastic orators, women were still not able to participate in, read, or even hear about politics in any form.

a)
True
b)
False

46.

Alaska was nicknamed because of the seemingly foolish purchase made by Secretary of State William H. Seward. 

47.

Political divisions in the late 1700s became more apparent with the financial plan Alexander Hamilton, the Secretary of the Treasury, had laid out in 1791. This plan had included the establishment of a , an act that would pit those who wanted a stronger, central government against those who preferred the power of the states.   

48.

A considerable number of the members in reform movements during the Age of Reform (19th century) were women. 

a)
True
b)
False

49.

With war brewing between England and France in the late 1700s, President Washington issued the of in April 1793 to declare that America would not get involved. 

50.

Which of the following statements about “slave culture” is not true?

a)
Slaves never mixed their distinctly African religions with the foreign religions of their white masters
b)
Buyers could purchase slaves separately, making for many tragedies when slave families were broken up
c)
Folklore told within slave communities were generally stories about weak heroes who outwitted stronger and more brutal adversaries
d)
Slave men and women shared relatively equal gender roles

51.

During Reconstruction, President Andrew Johnson offered a presidential pardon to those white southerners who were willing to take a loyalty oath to the federal government. 

a)
True
b)
False

52.

After the formal abolition of slavery, the nation seemed to shift from the overwhelming controversy of slavery to the question of

53.

Which of these was not a new form of entertainment in the late 19th century?

a)
Amusement parks
b)
Shakespearean plays
c)
Professional sporting events
d)
All of the above

54.

Which of the following political parties were of the mind that politics was a field for a relatively small, elite group of well-educated men?

a)
The Know-Nothings
b)
The Federalists
c)
The Democratic-Republicans
d)
The Whigs

55.

Nat Turner’s Rebellion in 1831, an uprising of slaves against their masters, only served to provide harsher conditions for the slaves. 

a)
True
b)
False

56.

Which of the following was the term given to the period in American history that spanned 1869 to 1896, a period characterized by the growth of American capitalism?

a)
The Golden Age
b)
The Glitter Age
c)
The Age of Gold
d)
The Gilded Age

57.

Occurring in 1890, the of was the last major confrontation between Native Americans and the United States Army. 

58.

What is the term for when a company has full control over the marketing and producing of a good or service?

a)
Vertical Integration
b)
Trusts
c)
Horizontal Integration
d)
Monopoly

59.

Fears of immigrants gradually deteriorated in the 19th century.

a)
True
b)
False

60.

What is the name of the white abolitionist who ran the famed abolitionist newspaper the Liberator

a)
Joseph Pulitzer
b)
Harriet Beecher Stowe
c)
William Lloyd Garrison
d)
Frederick Douglass

61.

Which of these was not a direct result of the Civil War?

a)
Women became more willing to stay inside, content to wait and pray and ready the family and the house for when their men came home
b)
Northern manufacturers and financial agents benefitted from the wartime economy as new technologies and ways of making capital appeared almost overnight
c)
The Federal Government's power and size increased
d)
Mass deaths inspired the establishment of many national military cemeteries and memorial grounds

62.

During the period of Reconstruction, enslaved African-Americans' idea of freedom was usually tied to which of these?

a)
Employment
b)
Land ownership
c)
Right to vote
d)
Education

63.

Those who believed that wealth belonged only to those who were able to make money and manage it are dubbed the , applying Darwin’s theory of “survival of the fittest” to their relations between socioeconomic classes. 

64.

The thought that the best way to resolve the slavery issue in America was to send the slaves back to their homes in Africa.

65.

The phrase “principle of universal suffrage” during the Jacksonian Era meant which of these?

a)
Adult white men had the right to vote
b)
Adult white men and women had the right to vote
c)
Everyone had the right to vote regardless of race or gender
d)
All men had the right to vote

66.

Initially, Abraham Lincoln made a point in saying that slavery would not be contested in the parts of America where it existed.

a)
True
b)
False

67.

A series of articles published by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay, the have had a reverberating influence in American politics through their promotion of the Constitution. 

68.

The Panic of 1837 occurred during the presidency of which of the following?    

a)
Andrew Jackson
b)
Abraham Lincoln
c)
Martin Van Buren
d)
James K. Polk

69.

Southerners generally believed in the freedom of trade and property and preferred the authority of states over that of the federal government.

a)
True
b)
False

70.

The Battle of San Jacinto in 1836 was the final battle in the Texas Revolution and resulted in the of Texas.

71.

The was a political party in 1848 that drew advocates from all political spheres through its opposition to the westward expansion of slavery. 

72.

A South Carolina Senator who led the passing of the Fugitive Slave Law—forcing Northern states to return escaped slaves to the South—and furthered the argument that slavery was not only a necessary institution but a "positive good," is which of the following politicians?

a)
John C. Calhoun
b)
Nicholas Biddle
c)
Daniel Webster
d)
Henry Clay

73.

The case of Dred Scott v. Sandford in 1857, the Court ruled that African-Americans could be not be citizens, and thus could not sue in federal court. 

a)
True
b)
False

74.

The North was largely agrarian and had less population than the South, leaving it at a painful disadvantage as the Civil War waged on.

a)
True
b)
False

75.

The miners who journeyed to California to pan for gold in the 1840s proudly called themselves the - after the year that they believed would change their lives. 

76.

The fastest and largest growing portion of American society by the end of the 19th century was the urban working class.  

a)
True
b)
False

77.

A part of the realist movement, the author Samuel Clemens, or , skillfully captured the atmosphere of the Western frontier and of the South with his satire in books like The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and The Gilded Age

78.

The Louisiana Purchase occurred in 1854 and was between America and Mexico. The terms stated that America must pay Mexico $10 million for a portion of Mexico’s territory.   

a)
True
b)
False

79.

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were asked by President Jefferson to explore the Territory, and hopefully find a water route to the Pacific Ocean.

80.

The Missouri Compromise was successful in which of the following?    

a)
Maintaining a balance in the Senate
b)
Abolishing slavery in the United States
c)
Giving citizens of a state the right to vote for the state's status to be slave or free
d)
Permitting slavery in Oregon Territory

81.

The Church and its followers moved west into what is now Utah in order to escape from the controversies and judgment that others associated with their faith.  

82.

After the Civil War, many Americans thought that the best solution for Native Americans was for them to into American society.

83.

The author Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote How the Other Half Lives, a book that depicted the obscene conditions of the slums in the United States.

a)
True
b)
False

84.

Which of the following groups is out of place?

a)
Oneida Commune
b)
Antislavery Society
c)
American Colonization Society
d)
Liberty Party

85.

Which of these is not a statute passed during the Jim Crow era in the South?

a)
Literacy tests
b)
Segregation on public transportation
c)
Poll taxes
d)
None of the above

86.

Which religious denomination grew in the 19th century, owed in large part to the increase in Irish and German immigration?

a)
Protestants
b)
Catholics
c)
Baptists
d)
Mormons

87.

is the growing interconnections among nations due to expansions in capitalism, changes in world views, ideas, and other aspects of culture. 

88.

The Three-Fifths Compromise was a clause in the United States Constitution that, for the time, resolved the issue of how to count slaves in the population as a means of determining proper political representation.

a)
True
b)
False

89.

The Wilmot Proviso would have permitted the practice of slavery in the territories ceded by Mexico in 1848 after the Mexican War.

a)
True
b)
False

90.

Which of these was a political effect of the “Bleeding Kansas” tragedy?

a)
A new boundary for the slave and free states
b)
A deeper division amongst party members of the Democratic Party
c)
The rebirth of the Federalists
d)
The decision in the Court case of Dred Scott v .Sandford

91.

The economy of the South after the Civil War was relatively stable.

a)
True
b)
False

92.

The previously prevalent class of were dwindling in numbers after the Civil War because of the falling export prices, high tariffs and changing demands in American lifestyles.

93.

Large American cities in the late 19th century generally didn't have which of these characteristics?

a)
Large immigrant populations
b)
Advancements for women in the working force
c)
Growing gap between the rich and the poor
d)
Disease and high crime rates

94.

Testimonies against slavery became more popular tools against the institution as abolitionists became more and more militant in the early 1800s, and were particularly powerful in that they told the experiences of former slave and the brutalities that they had faced in the South

95.

was the United States' most valuable export in the global market during the early nineteenth century; it provided the foundation on which the American South derived its great power and great wealth.

96.

Former slaves had found a way out of slavery during the Civil War before the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring themselves and therefore able to stay with the Union.

97.

Plantations in the South were typically large, columned mansions with well-kept lawns.

a)
True
b)
False

98.

The Election of 1828 between Andrew Jackson and John Q. Adams saw the rise of a second political party called the National Republicans to combat the Democrats. This party was more commonly known as the by the year 1834.

99.

Which of these treaties ended the War of 1812?

a)
Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo
b)
Treaty of Mortefontaine
c)
Rush-Bagot Treaty
d)
Treaty of Ghent

100.

Harriet Beecher Stowe’s book, Uncle Tom’s Cabin, led more Northerner’s to believe that slavery was morally justified.

a)
True
b)
False

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